The main economy of the district is agriculture where 85% of the total population are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. There are around twenty-eight number of Tea Gardens in Darrang covering approximately 11,626 hectares of land. In the year 1995, as many as 75 factories and 845 small industrial units were registered. The polyester industry ‘Prag Bosimi Synthetics Ltd.’ is one of the important and large factory in the district which is located at Sipajhar.
How to reach to Darrang District, AssamIt is located in the middle of the state where all common transportation facilities are available from various directions. The National Highway No.52 passes through the district and a meter-gauge railway is also present covering 72 kilometer distances which is connected with Rangia Junction and Murkongselek. Daily bus services are available from other places of the state and are easily accessible from the Guwahati city. The LGB International airport is the nearest airport while the Tangla is known to be the nearest Railway Station in the area.
There are thirty-one Hospitals and many colleges in the region. Some of these colleges can be named as Sipajhar college, Mangaldoi college, Kharupetia college, Mangaldai Law college, Girls College Mangaldoi, Mangaldoi B.Ed college etc. Apart from these colleges, one can also find many other primary high schools and Higher Secondary schools located within the region.