Manas National Park of Assam - Geography, Overview and Tourist Attraction of the park | Assam Journal

Manas National Park of Assam - Geography, Overview and Tourist Attraction of the park

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The Manas National Park is located within the Barpeta District which was popularly known as the Manas Tiger Reserve. It is known to be the only tiger reserve that exist in Assam. The history of this park is very old and it was first declared as a sanctuary back in the year 1928 and after a long period of time it was finally upgraded as the Manas Tiger Reserve in the year 1973. After adding the three Reserve Forest in the year 1990 i.e. Kahitama, Kokilabari and the Panbari, it was declared as the Manas National Park. The UNESCO has also declared the park as one of the World Heritage Site in the year 1985. The Park is divided into three parts i.e. western, central and eastern part and it partly falls in the five districts i.e. Chirang, Kokrajhar, Baska, Darrang and Udalguri.


The park covers an area of 500 square kilometers of high alluvial terraces in the Himalayan Foothill Zone touching the Bhutan border. The famous Manas river and five other rivers flows through the park and it also acts as the international border between Indian and Bhutan. The park is situated at a height of maximum 110 meter from the Sea level. The deciduous forest and the tropical semi evergreen formations gives a beautiful look to the park and the sub-Himalayan mountain forest makes it as one of the richest biodiversity areas in the world.

The park is mainly famous for the Tigers and many other rare mammals as well as different species of the reptiles and birds which are found in this park. The pigmy hog, indian rhinoceros, bengal florican, asian buffalo, slow loris, capped langur, great hornbill, wild pig, Malayan giant squirrel are some of the primary attraction of the park. According to a report, the park has 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, and more than 4 species of amphibians that co-exist and are available in the park. The rare and endangered wildlife like assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pigmy hog can be found in the park and this makes it a very popular and well known destination among the wildlife enthusiast, visitors & tourist to the state.

Others mammals include gaurs, asian water buffaloes, tigers, leopards, asian golden cat, hoolock gibbons, barking deer, hog deer, sloth bears and many more. Apart from the mammals, it has the largest population of endangered and famous bird called Bengal Florican. The park has 380 species of birds and some of the famous birds among them are like Hornbills, Minivets, Serpent Eagles, Kalij Pheasants, Egrets, Magpie robins Jungle fowls and many others. In 1997, there was around 90 number of tigers present in Manas National Park.

How to reach to Manas National Park, Assam

As already stated earlier, the park falls in five different districts which is 176 kilometer away from Guwahati. There are many modes of communication available and one can thereby travel either by railhead, air and by bus etc. Other transportation facilities like taxi, shared taxi, tempos etc. can be found at any time of the day. There is also some tourist packages available which is provided by various travel agencies in the city. The district has no airport while the LGB International Airport in Guwahati remains as the nearest airport to it.

Although the Manas National Park is a tourist destination in Assam, it did not get the sufficient number of tourist up to 1985. So, for the inflow of foreign tourists the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India opened an office nearby to the park. In recent days, the park has received a good number of domestic and foreign tourist and this was the result of the improvement that was being made on the accommodation and transportation facility in the region near to the park.

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This post was written by:

Mr.Prasanta - who is the well-wisher and correspondent of Assam Journal.
He blogs at www.TheNokiaGallery.com. Follow him on Facebook or email him
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