Traditional Institutions of Miri or Mishing tribes of Assam
The traditional institutions of the Mishing tribe plays a key role in their Socio-religious life. Some of these important traditional institutions are as follows:-
Every Mishing village has a "Kebang" which is formed with the elders of the village and it is the supremo of the socio-cultural and religious matters of the village which congregates in the house of the village headman. The head of the each Kebang is called as ‘Gaam’ who is responsible for conducting the proceedings of the Kebang. The village headman presides over the Kebang and it thereby takes all the complains from the people and delivers judgement and also punishes the offenders after hearing both the parties concerned. In short, it can be said that the Kebang solves complaints in a village. However due to the introduction of Panchayati Raj system, party politics has cut in to the vitals of the traditional Mishing corporate social life. "Bane Kebang" is same with Kebang but it is involved with more than two villages. The elder persons of the villages forms the 'Bane Kebang' and decides various cases and issues concerning the village affairs. The headman of the village where the 'Bane Kebang' is convened presides over it and the judgement are delivered by the Jury consisting of selected elderly persons which everyone must abide by.
"Murang" is the bachelor dormitory of the Mishing tribes which is treated as the training Institute among them which performs the role of protecting the villagers from the enemies. "Mimbir Yame" is formed by the unmarried boys and girls of the village above 12-13 years of age. Discipline and tribal ethics are taught by the trained officers to the members of the Mimbir Yame. They also engage themselves to extend help to the needy villagers in erecting their houses, wedding, paddy cultivation etc. "Rikbo Ginam & Daglik Alik" is also another traditional institution of the Mishings where the young boys and the girls of the village gather in their traditional "Morungghar" and forms the "Rikbo Ginam & Daglik Alik". When a family of the village need any help regarding manpower, wedding, anniversary, party etc. then the headman of the family formally invites these youths and they perform the assigned duties. It is because of this that their importance among Mishing people are very widely recognized.